- Heavily massive galactic cosmic rays (GCR) can induce radiation damages due, for instance, to their high LET depositions.
- In HelMod, it was implemented a forecasting capability for protons and ions fluxes, which will result in a better GCR flux estimation for future space mission [Boschini et al 2017].
- HelMod has demonstrated to be able to reproduce data from inner (i.e. AMS, BESS, PAMELA, Rosetta, SOHO see [Della Torre, 2017]) up to outer heliosphere (i.e. Voyager probes, see [La Vacca, 2018]).
- Local Interstellar Spectra (LISs) used in HelMod are those obtained from the join GalProp - HelMod effort ([Boschini et al 2017b], [Boschini et al 2018]).
from [Della Torre (2017)]:
from [La Vacca (2018)]:
from [Rancoita (2018)]:
[Boschini et al 2018] M J Boschini, Della S Torre, M Gervasi, D Grandi, G Jóhannesson, La G Vacca, N Masi, I V Moskalenko, S Pensotti, T A Porter, L Quadrani, P G Rancoita, D Rozza and M Tacconi, Deciphering the Local Interstellar Spectra of Primary Cosmic-Ray Species with HelMod. The Astrophysical Journal 858(1):61, 2018.
[Boschini et al 2017] M. Boschini, S. Della Torre, M. Gervasi, D. Grandi, G. La Vacca, S. Pensotti, P.-G. Rancoita, D. Rozza and M. Tacconi.The HelMod Monte Carlo Model for the Propagation of Cosmic Rays in Heliosphere. Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, Proceedings of IAU Symposium 335 - Space Weather of the Heliosphere: Processes and Forecasts, July 17-21, 2017, University of Exeter, UK 13(S335):276–279, 2017.
[Boschini et al 2017b] M J Boschini, S Della Torre, M Gervasi, D Grandi, G Johannesson, M Kachelriess, G La Vacca, N Masi, I V Moskalenko, E Orlando, S ~S Ostapchenko, S Pensotti, T A Porter, L Quadrani and P G Rancoita, Solution of Heliospheric Propagation: Unveiling the Local Interstellar Spectra of Cosmic Ray Species. Astrophys. J. 840(2):115, 2017.